Buck, Solomon Arkadevich

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      <br><br>Solomon Arkadievich (Aronovich) Buck (1902 – January 21, 1940) – employee of the of the USSR, major in state security (1937). People’s Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Bashkir ASSR. He was a member of the special troikas of the NKVD of the USSR. Shot in 1940. Recognized as not subject to rehabilitation.<br>early years<br>Born in the village of Verkholeny (according to other sources in the village of Znamenka) in the Lena mines in the Irkutsk province in the family of a political exile who worked as an accountant. In 1911 he entered the gymnasium of Irkutsk, where he graduated from 5 classes. In 1917-1918 he was a member of the RKSM (member of the Irkutsk Committee of the Union of Socialist Youth). He was a member of the RCP (b) since January 1918.<br><br>From November 1917 to June 1918 a private detachment that took part in the fight against Kolchak’s troops. In the Irkutsk partisan detachment from December 1919 to January 1920. Secretary of the Commission for the liquidation of property of the Kolchak regime of the Irkutsk Provincial Revolutionary Committee from January to February 1920; secretary of the Irkutsk provincial revolutionary committee from February to April 1920; secretary of the Tomsk provincial revolutionary committee from April to July 1920; chairman of the Tomsk provincial requisition committee, head of the Tomsk provincial evacuation committee from July 1920 to May 1921; head of the department of the Tomsk provincial executive committee from May to June 1921; head of the department of the Mariinsky PEC from June to December 1921; head of the organizational unit of the Tomsk Provincial Executive Committee from December 1921 to July 1922; Deputy Head of the Department of Management of the Tomsk Provincial Executive Committee from July 1922 to July 1923; Deputy Head of the Department of the Yenisei Provincial Executive Committee from July 1923 to March 1924<br>Red army<br>Private, political instructor of the company of the 40th rifle regiment from March 1924 to March 1925. Then the political instructor of the battery of the 14th artillery regiment from March to December 1925.From December 1925 to 1926, instructor of the political department of the 14th rifle regiment division, then the assistant to the military commissar of the regiment of this division until September 1926.<br>OGPU-NKVD<br>Assistant to the head of the 1st department of the of the OGPU of the USSR from November 1, 1926 to June 20, 1927, then head of this department until December 3, 1928 Head of the Semipalatinsk district department of the GPU from December 1928 to August 1930 Head of the Semipalatinsk the operational sector of the GPU from October 21 to February 14, 1932 Head of the Karaganda regional department of the GPU from February 14, 1932 to July 10, 1934 Head of the NKVD Department of the Karaganda region from July 15, 1934 to March 25, 1936 Head of the STR UGB UNKVD of the Kazakh ASSR from March 25, 1936 to December 16, 1936 Deputy head of the UNKVD Yaroslavl region from December 16, 1936 to April 1, 1937, then People’s Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Bashkir ASSR until October 1, 1937. October 1937 Deputy People’s Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Buryat-Mongolian Autonomous Republic until March 20, 1938. During this period, he was a member of special troikas created by order of the NKVD of the USSR No. 00447 dated July 30, 1937; an active participant in the Stalinist repressions.<br><br>Head of the 3rd department of the Volga ITL of the NKVD from April 15, 1938 until his arrest on October 16, 1938.<br>Career decline and execution<br>Arrested on October 16, 1938. Included in L. Beria’s list of January 16, 1940 in the 1st category. Sentenced to the VMN VKVS USSR on January 19, 1940 under Art. 58/1 item „a» („treason to the Motherland»); Art. 58/8 („terror»); Art. 58/11 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR (participation in an anti-Soviet terrorist organization in the NKVD organs „). 2 days later, on the night of January 21, 1940, he was shot among a number of leading employees of the USSR NKVD, convicted by the USSR All-Union Military Commission on January 19 and 20, 1940 (I P. Popashenko, Y. M. Moroz-Iosem, V. M. Krukovsky, N. A. Zagvozdin, D. M. Sokolinsky, N. I. Ivanov, S. Z. Mirkin, S. V. Ratner and others The burial place is the grave of unclaimed ashes No. 1 of the crematorium of the Donskoy cemetery.<br><br>On November 26, 2013, the Judicial Collegium for Servicemen of the Russian Federation was declared not subject to rehabilitation.<br>Family<br>His brother and sister also worked in the state security agencies: State Security Commissioner of the 3rd rank Boris Arkadyevich (Aronovich) Bak (1897-1938), arrested in 1937 and shot in 1938 „in a special order» – rehabilitated posthumously; State Security Lieutenant Maria Arkadyevna (Aronovna) Bak, wife of Boris Berman, worked as an operative of the 3rd department of the 4th (secret-political) department of the GUGB NKVD of the USSR, in 1937 she was dismissed from the NKVD and, apparently, was also repressed in 1938. ), repressed again in 1950. The second sister Galina Aronovna, on March 16, 1938, was sentenced to 8 years in a labor camp as a ChSIR, her husband Viktor Voronkov, the commander of the 2nd Volskaya motorized division „Kombrig», was shot on January 23, 1938 in Saratov, posthumously rehabilitated.<br>Assignment of special titlesDecember 25, 1935 – senior lieutenant of state security;December 20, 1936 – Captain of State Security;April 1, 1937 – Major of State Security.AwardsBadge „Honorary Worker of the Cheka – GPU (XV)» (May 26, 1933);Sign „15 years of Kazakhstan (inaccessible link)» (1936).

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