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      <br><br>Tebenyovka (Kaz. Tebindeu – winter pasture) – winter pasture, independent extraction of forage by horses from under the snow.<br><br>Until now, in Kazakhstan and Mongolia, horses graze in the steppe on their own, only periodically looked after by herders. The herds of horses are led by stallions, who lead the herds through their usual territory.<br>Process<br> up snow up to 40 centimeters deep with their hooves and eat the grass left under the snow. Given the of winter vegetation, this is a very energy-consuming method and horses noticeably lose weight in winter, so in summer horses feed heavily, fattening up.<br><br>In Kazakhstan and Mongolia, sheep also graze in the snow in winter. However, unlike horses, shepherds graze them. Kazakh horses and sheep (for example, the Edilbaev breed of sheep), Mongolian horses and sheep are very and are able to graze in winter even in severe frosts.<br><br>In the case of deep snow, horses look for places where it is blown away by the wind, and therefore the layer of snow is less. However, there are times when a crust of ice (crust) forms on the snow. In such cases, horses injure their legs, feed poorly and there is a high mortality. Sheep, moreover, cannot graze in the presence of an infusion. Considering that the nomads never made hay, this led to a large loss of livestock, the so-called jute.<br>Etymology<br>The word „tebenyovka» comes from the Turkic word „tebu» – to kick. In the Kazakh and Bashkir languages, the word tebu means precisely „to kick». The horse rakes the snow with his feet from above and feeds on the harvested grass.<br>

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